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    Friday, August 13, 2021

    Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp Restricted in Zambia as Country Counts Votes

    Zambia's election commission will on Friday start announcing results of a tight presidential vote between top contenders President Edgar Lungu and main rival Hakainde Hichilema that was marred by restrictions on the Internet and violence in three regions.

    Electoral Commission of Zambia (ECZ) chief electoral officer Patrick Nshindano said the agency would start announcing results from 10 am (1:30pm). ECZ has said full results will be known within 72 hours after polls closed.

    The government declined to comment on the disruptions to the Internet, which users said affected several social media sites. Mobile phone networks directed questions to the government. Facebook confirmed it was among those impacted.

    "We know that temporary disruptions of Internet services have tremendous, negative human rights, economic and social consequences, and continue to strongly oppose these," a Facebook spokesperson said.

    Use of social media like WhatsApp is part of everyday life in Zambia and restricting Internet access could fuel suspicion about the outcome of the vote, which is seen as too close to call.

    On Twitter and Facebook, Zambians said they were using virtual private networks to get around the restrictions on the Internet.

    Millions of Zambians turned out to vote, forcing some polling stations to remain open past their official time of closing, pointing to a large voter turnout.

    But Lungu, who has been in power since 2015, has already cast doubt on the outcome of the election in three provinces after he accused the opposition of violence on Thursday that killed a ruling party official.

    He directed the army to send reinforcements to the provinces, although European and African observers said the vote had so far been largely peaceful.

    On the streets of the capital Lusaka businesses were open and citizens went about their daily routine as they waited for results.

    The winner of the election faces the task of boosting Zambia's flagging economy, which became the continent's first country during the coronavirus pandemic to default on its sovereign debt in November.

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