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    Tuesday, January 30, 2024

    IMF Downgrades Nigeria’s Economic Growth to 3%

    The International Monetary Fund has downgraded Nigeria’s economic growth projections for 2024 to 3.0 per cent from the 3.1 per cent it forecasted in October.

    It disclosed this in its ‘World Economic Outlook Update, January 2024,’ released on Tuesday. In a table, the IMF estimated that Nigeria’s economy grew by 2.8 per cent, a slight decline from the 2.9 per cent it forecasted in October.

    The international lender expects Nigeria’s economy to grow by a percentage point to 3.1 per cent in 2025. Its 2024 projection is a lot less than the 3.76 per cent the country’s government expects in 2024.

    In its October update, the IMF stated that Nigeria’s slow growth will be because of weaker oil and gas production.

    At the time, it said, “Growth in Nigeria is projected to decline from 3.3 per cent in 2022 to 2.9 per cent in 2023 and 3.1 per cent in 2024, with negative effects of high inflation on consumption taking hold.

    “The forecast for 2023 is revised downward by 0.3 percentage point, reflecting weaker oil and gas production than expected, partially as a result of maintenance work.”

    In the third quarter of 2023, Nigeria’s GDP grew by 2.54 per cent year-on-year in real terms according to the National Bureau of Statistics.

    Commenting on economic growth recently, the Central Bank of Nigeria governor, Olayemi Cardoso, said, “The projections for the nation’s economy paint an optimistic trajectory as the Federal Government of Nigeria anticipates real GDP growth of 3.76 per cent in 2024, slightly surpassing the estimated 3.75 per cent for 2023.”

    In its 2024 prediction for sub-Saharan Africa, the IMF expects the region’s economy to grow by 3.8 per cent.

    It said, “In sub-Saharan Africa, growth is projected to rise from an estimated 3.3 per cent in 2023 to 3.8 per cent in 2024 and 4.1 per cent in 2025, as the negative effects of earlier weather shocks subside, and supply issues gradually improve.

    “The downward revision for 2024 of 0.2 percentage point from October 2023 mainly reflects a weaker projection for South Africa on account of increasing logistical constraints, including those in the transportation sector, on economic activity.”

    Overall global economic growth is projected at 3.1 per cent in 2024 and 3.2 per cent in 2025. 2024’s forecast is 0.2 percentage points higher than what the Washington-based lender projected in its October 2023 World Economic Outlook.

    It stated that this expected growth is due to expected resilience in the United States and several large emerging markets and developing economies, as well as fiscal support in China.

    It added, “The forecast for 2024–25 is, however, below the historical (2000–19) average of 3.8 per cent, with elevated central bank policy rates to fight inflation, a withdrawal of fiscal support amid high debt weighing on economic activity, and low underlying productivity growth. Inflation is falling faster than expected in most regions, in the midst of unwinding supply-side issues and restrictive monetary policy.”

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